Effective Deductive Reasoning in the Essay

A lot of students had their knowledge assessed in numerous courses with the help of checking deductive reasoning in their essays. The students are supposed to make reasonable assumptions in terms of the given situation on the basis of a certain set of premises, clues, or circumstances. It means that a person should be good at solving a puzzle, drawing a conclusion or identifying an unknown object or person provided that he or she obtained sufficient details related to the situation.

A deductive essay as an academic assignment takes into account numerous individual factors that are evaluated on the basis of the knowledge and awareness of a person. Then those factors are added to draw a corresponding conclusion. There are three constituent parts that make up deductive reasoning: premise, evidence, and conclusion.

A premise (first part) is the belief or fundamental fact that serves as a basis for making conclusions; there can be one premise or a few premises in one argument.

Evidence (second part) is the available information, details that one has obtained while doing observations or analyzing the story.

The conclusion (third part) is the final situation analysis which is grounded on the proper balance between the premises and evidence.

Let us have a look at the simple example of such reasoning. A premise is: all parrots are birds. Evidence is: Charlie is a parrot. The conclusion is: Charlie is a bird. This is a simplified deductive exercise which shows the main principles of writing a reasoning essay. Everybody uses those principles in everyday life even without noticing that. For instance, looking out of the window, one sees the wet roads. There is a wide range of possible interpretations of the situation. For instance, one of the assumptions is that the roads were inundated with the spray of water by a water truck because of the dust or extreme heat. It is also possible to assume that the wetness is a result of some kind of dew or it has soaked up from the hot roads. However, the most likely variant which almost everybody would choose is that it may have been raining.

The deductions are made logically on the basis of one’s life experience and the factors that one has already seen or analyzed before. The most reasonable explanation to the above-mentioned situation is rain that made the roads wet. It is clear that other assumptions are also likely, but the one regarding the rain is the most common and logical. However, if one knows for sure that there has not been any rain for weeks, the deduction will be different. If one knows about the new introduced program of cleaning the streets, the deductions will also change correspondingly. In an essay, the recommendable strategy is making an essay outline to find the most reasonable and likely way of reasoning. It is a good way to make the writing focused and clear. It should be noted that this kind of reasoning is in demand while doing literary analysis, investigating, reporting, conducting medical researches, doing police work, conducting law procedures, and other important processes.

Writing an essay, one should remember to focus every paragraph on a certain point or aspect. It is also essential to use abundant details and plenty of examples to draw a logical conclusion that should be supported with evidence. Otherwise, the conclusion will be considered weak.

If one needs assistance with finding a good topic for deductive papers, here is the list of popular ones that can ensure effective writing and high grades.

  • Communism versus democracy

  • Habit versus true love

  • International immigration and independence

  • Getting degrees and education online