A Quick Guide to Formatting a Paper in the Turabian Style

The following are some of the general rules that apply to Turabian style formatting:

  • One-inch margins on all sides.

  • 12pt Times New Roman font.

  • Double spacing throughout (exceptions are described in the Turabian writing style manual). Exceptions include bibliography entries, block quotes, captions on figures, footnotes and referencing lists.

  • Title pages should not be numbered where these are only for effect. Where they serve as a ToC (Table of Contents) or provide other types of front matter, the title page should be numbered as i.

General Writing Style

  • Content should be written in active (not passive) voice.

  • With Turabian, the writer is offered two different styles for citation – the Reference List or Bibliography Turabian Style. Choose the one you prefer, subject to your tutor/professor not expressing a preference.

  • Where a source is being referred to and its bibliographical details are already in a footnote, the citation can be shortened using ‘ibid.’

  • Biblical citations should be entered in footnotes rather than the bibliography, since the Bible and its contents are considered sacred.  

Rules Governing the Essay’s Main Body

Headings

With the Turabian citation style, the writer can use five heading levels. However, you should always adhere to the guidelines provided by your professor in relation to headings.

  • Level One: Headers can be displayed in bold or italic typeface and capitalized in the style of a headline.

  • Level Two: Regular typeface, centered, and capitalized in headline-style.

  • Level Three: Bold or italic typeface, aligned to the left-hand margin, and capitalized in the style of a headline.

  • Level Four: Roman typeface aligned to the left-hand margin and capitalized in sentence Turabian style.

  • Level Five: Bold or italic typeface, capitalization (sentence style) and terminal full stop (period). Run-in at start of paragraph with no blank lines.  

Referencing

  • NB: With reference lists created in the Turabian style format, the second line must be indented as should the subsequent ones. 

Bibliographies (with Footnotes)

  • Quoting a book with just one author or one editor:
    The footnote’s number. The first name and surname of the author, Book Title: Book Subtitle (Place of Book Publication, Name of Publisher, Publication Date), XX-XX. 

  • Quoting a book with several (or more than one) authors:
    The footnote’s number. The first name and surname of the first author, the first name and surname of the second author, Book Title: Book Subtitle (Place of Book Publication, Name of Publisher, Publication Date), XX-XX.

  • Journal Articles (Printed Version)
    The footnote’s number. First name and surname of author, “Article Title: Article Subtitle,” Journal Title and Volume No, (Publication Date): XX-XX.

  •  Journal Articles (Electronic/Online Version)
    The footnote’s number. The first name and surname of the author, “Article Title: Article Subtitle,” Journal Title and Volume No, (Publication Date), beneath “Descriptive Locator,” date of access, and Uniform Resource Locator (URL).

Bibliographies (without Footnotes)

  • Quoting a book with just one author or one editor in the Turabian writing style:
    Last name of author, first name of author, Book Title: Book Subtitle, Publication Place, Name of Publisher, Publication Date.

  • Quoting a book with more than one author:
    The surname of the first author, the first name of the first author, the first name and surname of the second author, Book Title: Book Subtitle, Publication Place, Name of Publisher, Publication Date. 

  • Journal Articles (Print Version)
    Surname of author, first name of author, “Article Title: Article Subtitle.” Journal Title and Volume No, (Publication Date): YY-YY.

  • Journal Articles (Electronic/Online Version)
    Surname of author, first name of author, “Article Title: Article Subtitle.” Journal Title and Volume No, (Publication Date). Date of Access. Uniform Resource Locator (URL).

  • List-Style References
    With the Turabian style, there is just one general style used for list-style references:

Surname of author, first name of author. Publication Year. Book Title: Book Subtitle, City of Publication: Publisher’s Name.